According to the growth in the Muslim population, the number of people going to Mecca has grown over the past few decades. The reports have shown that in 1950, fewer than 100,000 people went to Hajj. By 1955, the number has doubled, and in 1970, there were half a million pilgrims. Now, over 2 million people participate in Hajj annually.
Such large numbers of people need an accurate management, but the stampede caused the deaths of over 7,00 pilgrims in Mina, Mecca 2015 has shown the disability of the Saudis in this part. Regarding the documents, 90,267 pilgrims have lost their lives in the past 14 years.
In 1975, the explosion of a propane tank caused a tent to catch fire in which about 200 pilgrims burned and died. Then, in 1987, more than 499 Iranian pilgrims were killed by Saudi police during a demonstration. Just two years after that, 17 people were injured and killed in a bomb explosion.
In 1990, 1,426 pilgrims died in a pedestrian tunnel leading to Mecca. 270 Muslims were killed in another stampede in 1994. 118 pilgrims were crushed to death on a bridge to Mecca in 1998. Then, in 2001, 2003, 2004, and 2006 a huge number of people were killed in the annual Stoning of the Devil event.
The Saudi government knows well about the problem and should learn from the previous failures though they shift the blame to fate and pilgrims. They have assured people for a long time that everything was all right, but it wasn’t.